quarta-feira, 19 de outubro de 2011

Analgesic effect of venlafaxine and antiplatelet efect of pulegone - FESBE 2011 posters

The 2011 edition of the Annual Meeting of the Brazilian Federation of Experimental Biology Societies (FeSBE, Federação de Sociedades de Biologia Experimental) took place from August 24th through 27th, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Scientists from all over the world attended this meeting. We sent two brief communications in poster form.

Poster 1: EVALUATION OF THE ANALGESIC EFFECT OF VENLAFAXINE, A SEROTININ AND NORADRENALINE REUPTAKE INHIBITOR.


The aim of this study was to test the analgesic effects of the antidepressant venlafaxine in several experimental models of nociception.

Methods and Results:

Acetic acid-induced writhing: Groups of six to twelve mice were administered i.p. 0.6% acetic acid (10 mL kg−1, i.p.), and the number of abdominal contractions was registered for 20 min, starting 30 min after the injection. Animals were pre-treated with venlafaxine (10, 20, 40 and 60 mg kg−1, i.p.), 30 min before acetic acid administration. DMSO 5% was used as vehicle (control group). With the exception of 10 mg kg−1, all other doses of venlafaxine (20, 40 and 60 mg kg−1, i.p) produced significant inhibition of writhing (p<0,05) (16.2±12.0, 11.6±8.0 and 3.7±2.0 respectively) when compared with control group (34.0±13.2). Hot-plate test: groups of nine mice were treated with venlafaxine (10, 20, 40 and 60 mg kg−1, i.p.), 5% DMSO (controls) or morphine (10 mg kg−1, i.p.) as standard. Measurements were performed before (time 0) and after 30, 60 and 90 min from drug administration; a cut-off time of 45 seconds was used to avoid paw lesions. Only 60 mg/Kg, i.p. of venlafaxine showed a significant effect on latency time to licking or jumping (24.06±4.99 s) when compared with control group (6.88±1.15 s) on time of 30 min. Morphine (10 mg kg−1, i.p. showed a significant effect (p<0.05) (39.5±4.13, 34.5±5.54, 29.4±5.08 s) when compared to control group (6.88±1.15, 6.58±1.88, 8.77±2.27 s) on times of 30, 60 and 90 min respectively. Rota-rod test: Groups of six mice were treated with venlafaxine (10, 20, 40 and 60 mg/kg, i.p.) and placed on the rota-rod 30 min after the injection. DMSO 5% was used as vehicle (control group). The number of falls was recorded by one minute and the length of stay in the bar. No difference between groups treated with venlafaxine and control group was observed in any period of time. Statistical analysis: All values were expressed as means±S.D.M. Data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukey test (p<0.05 was considered significant).

Conclusions:

These results corroborate research that reported the inhibitory effect of venlafaxine on the signs of spontaneous pain and hindpaw mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity in animal models of tonic nociception and neuropathic pain. Studies continue in an attempt to elucidate the action mechanisms of these effects.



Link to this abstract: http://bit.ly/qrPHK7
Link to this poster in google docs: http://bit.ly/nJXtR5


Poster 2: EVALUATION OF ANTIPLATELET ACTIVITY OF MONOTERPENE PULEGONE


Objectives: To evaluate the antiplatelet activity of Pulegone in human PRP.

Methods and Results:

Platelet aggregation was measured according to the method of Born and Cross (J Physiol. 163; 178-195, 1963). Briefly, platelet aggregation was induced at 37ºC in the aggregometer, with stirring at 1000 rpm, by addition of ADP (4µM) as agonist. The resulting aggregation, measured as the change in light transmission, was recorded for 5 min and presented as percent aggregation related to control (100%). Pulegone oil (PUL) was emulsified with Tween 80 (660 µg mL−1, control) and concentrations of 110, 220, 440 and 660 µg mL−1 were used. PUL 220, 440 and 660 µg mL−1 reduced significantly (p<0.001) the platelet aggregation induced by ADP (4µM) in 39.8, 47.3 and 70.1% (60.2±27.5; 52.7±17.23 and 29.9±7.60% aggregation) respectively when compared to control group.
Statistical analysis: All values are expressed as mean ± SD. Differences between the sample-treated and control groups were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey-Newman-Keuls test for multiple comparisons (p< 0.05) was considered significant.

Conclusions:

Direct stimulation of platelets by ADP results in shape change, reversible aggregation at physiological concentrations of calcium, and finally, desensitization. Transduction of the ADP signal involves a transient rise in free cytoplasmic calcium, due to the mobilization of internal stores and secondary store-mediated influx, and a concomitant inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity. It is possible that the antiplatelet effect of pulegone is due to blocking of a step of ADP-induced platelet stimulation. 



Link to this abstract:  http://bit.ly/pvZGwU
 Link to this poster in google docs: http://bit.ly/nfyk3w



 Link to FESBE 2011 program: http://bit.ly/ramXDw
 

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